Sharing answer codes of mine about Programmers Level4. findLargestSquare.

# Level 4: Find Largest Square

## Problem Statement

Given a M x N matrix filled with ‘O’ and ‘X’, find the width of largest square sub-matrix of ‘O’’s present in it. For example,

Input:
X O O O X
X O O O O
X X O O O
X X O O O
X X X X X

Output:
The width of largest square sub-matrix of ‘O’’s is 9

## Answer code (in C++)

#include<iostream>
#include<vector>
#include<utility>
using namespace std;

// Solved the problem by Dynamic Programming
int findLargestSquare(vector<vector<char>> board)
{
int answer = 0;

vector<vector<int>> fls(board.size(), vector<int>(board[0].size(), 0));

for (vector<int>::size_type i=0; i<board.size(); ++i){ // Construting a new matrix for scores
for (vector<int>::size_type j=0; j<board[0].size(); ++j){
if (board[i][j] == 'O'){
fls[i][j] = 1;
}
else{
fls[i][j] = 0;
}
}
}

for (vector<int>::size_type i=1; i<fls.size(); ++i){
for (vector<int>::size_type j=1; j<fls[0].size(); ++j){
if (fls[i][j] == 1){  // Solve current subproblem by using the result of previous subproblem
fls[i][j] = min(min(fls[i-1][j],fls[i][j-1]),fls[i-1][j-1])+1; // Check left, up, up-left
}
if (answer < fls[i][j]){ // Update the Max
}
}
}

}
int main()
{

vector<vector<char>> board{
{'X','O','O','O','X'},
{'X','O','O','O','O'},
{'X','X','O','O','O'},
{'X','X','O','O','O'},
{'X','X','X','X','X'}};

cout<<findLargestSquare(board);
}



## Dynamic Programming & Memoization

• Dynamic Programming (DP)
• Solve a problem by finding the overlapping subproblems and then cache those results for future recursive calls
• Sometimes, top-down dynamic programming is called as “Memoization”
• Examples of DP: Fibonacci Numbers, Longest Common Subsequence (LCS), Knapsack Problem, Matrix Product Parenthesization

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